"The basic purpose of development is to enlarge people's choices. In principle, these choices can be infinite and can change over time. People often value achievements that do not show up at all, or not immediately, in income or growth figures: greater access to knowledge, better nutrition and health services, more secure livelihoods, security against crime and physical violence, satisfying leisure hours, political and cultural freedoms and sense of participation in community activities. The objective of development is to create an enabling environment for people to enjoy long, healthy and creative lives."
Founder of the Human Development Report
POVERTY REDUCTION & HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
Algeria climbs four places in the 2008 Human Development Index
Algeria gained four places in the Human Development Index world ranking in 2008, rising from 104 to 100 out of 179 nations. This major national result emerged from the 2008 Human Development Report Statistical Update, which offers results for the year 2006.
A four place rise is important, and reflects improvements in the life expectancy, literacy, school enrolment and income levels of the Algerian population between 2005 and 2006. These four indicators constitute the Human Development Index.
The increase in the HDI for Algeria was above two percent according to this year’s results, above typical trends for the country, and more in line with strong improvements in the living conditions for Algerians between 1975 and the late 1980’s. On the whole, the HDI for Algeria grew steadily and continuously from 1975 to the present day.
This rise through the rankings occurred in spite of a change in the structure of the list. Zimbabwe was not included in the ranking and is below Algeria in terms of HDI, whereas better placed Montenegro was included following the dissolution of the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro in the same year.
The Human Development Report is part of the United Nations Development Programme’s efforts to support Member States to monitor the well-being of their populations and evaluate public policy in a comparative perspective. Calculating the Human Development Index for each nation is part of that exercise.
Associated indices such as the Human Poverty Index and the Gender-specific Human Development Index enable policy makers to measure the well-being of certain sections of the population.
In Algeria, the Government has always aimed at improving the living conditions of its population. UNDP supports national authorities in appropriating international monitoring methods. This year’s results enabled an insight into human development in the territories. Public policy is thus evaluated so as to better target those who are most vulnerable and need it most.
15th February 2007:
17th -21th October 2006:
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