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"The MDGs are still achievable if we act now. This will require inclusive sound governance, increased public investment, economic growth, enhanced productive capacity, and the creation of decent work." United Nations Secretary General Ban-Ki Moon.
Algeria serving the MDGs
Algerian national football selection players engagement to promote the MDGs
The Millennium Development Goals
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) were adopted as a result of the
Millennium Summit in 2000 which brought together heads of state from the entire world by invitation of the Secretary General of the United Nations Organization.
The 8 MDGs are a set of clearly defined poverty reduction objectives agreed upon following a broad consensus.
They represent the basis for international development policy to be achieved through a worldwide partnership, in order to reduce poverty, improve health, promote peace, respect of Human Rights, equality between genders and environmental sustainability.
worldwide partnership calls for the setting up of national implementation
strategies on the part of developing countries in order to achieve the
MDGs, associated to stringent and transparent governance systems, and
calls for more efforts on the part of developed countries with regard to
development support and improvement of world trade rules.
During past years, due to the resumption of economic growth, extreme poverty practically disappeared in Algeria. Using the 1USD per day ratio PPP, the proportion of persons living in extreme poverty decreased from 1.9 % in 1988 to 0.8% in 2000.If we use the 2 USD per day threshold, the proportion of people living in poverty has decreased more than two-fold between 2000 and 2004, from 12.1 % to 6.8%. However, some social indicators remain a cause for concern. Despite the progress that has been achieved, the unemployment rate remains high among the young and new entrants in the labor market. Moreover, aggregate data hide discrepancies between regions and milieus, which reflect disparities in the quality and level of access to social services. Main zones of poverty are located in the rural regions and urban suburbs. UNDP Algeria contributes to MDG achievement through projects contributing to eradicate poverty and promote human development.
Algeria has practically realized the objective of ensuring primary education for all its children. For the academic year 2003/2004, the schooling rate reached 97%, with rates of 99% for boys and 94% for girls.
Thanks to the policies which were implemented, the objective should be reached before 2015, with a small time-lag between boys and girls.
UNDP Algeria contributes to the answers given to the educational and training needs of Algerian youth, through projects contributing to the eradication of poverty and promotion of human development. With regards to the United Nations System; UNESCO and UNICEF actions should be mentioned too.
The situation of women in Algeria has seen considerable improvements and sustained political engagement in favor of the consolidation of their rights was achieved. Thus, recent Family and nationality code revision constitutes real and significant progress. If there exists no formal discrimination towards women limiting their access to public services, resources or responsibilities, socio-cultural behavior towards women can constitute obstacles to equality in gender relations.
Concerning education, equality is almost attained, at the primary level as well as at the secondary level and in higher education.
However, the proportion of women in the working sector remains low, with a rate of 15%. Moreover, political representation in the Government is very limited.
Even if all UNDP projects are gender sensitive, it is through projects focusing on governance that UNDP Algeria acts in favor of gender equality and the autonomization of women. With regards to the United Nations System, UNDP action is coordinated with that of UNFPA and UNIFEM.
Child health saw marked progress, which nevertheless remains insufficient. From 1990 to 2004, the child mortality rate (children under one year of age) decreased more than 16% from 46.8% to 30.4%.This decrease stems essentially from the recession of post natal mortality whereas neonatal mortality remains worrying. Important disparities between boys and girls subsist. We note important regional differences, most particularly between rural and urban environments. Important efforts must be undertaken in order to reach the two third child mortality reduction rate under five years of age. Within the United Nations System, UNDP action is coordinated with WHO and UNICEF.
Maternal and perinatal mortality constitutes a major public health problem in Algeria. Despite efforts developed since the 1970s in favor of the maternal and children’s health, maternal and neonatal mortality rates remain abnormally high. Despite an improvement in the trend, we observed in 2004 99.5 deaths per 100 000 births, whereas 90% of childbirths take place in an assisted environment. Maternal deaths constitute 10% of the total number of women who die aged between 15 and 49. Moreover, these deaths are characterized by important regional disparities. For example, the maternal mortality rate in Adrar reaches 230 per 100 000. Within the United Nations System, UNDP action towards combating maternal mortality is coordinated with WHO and UNICEF.
Despite the insufficiency of the HIV/AIDS monitoring system, indicators show a growth of the HIV epidemic. Estimations by UNAIDS and WHO, show that the adult HIV prevalence represents 0.1%, which would mean that 9 500 people live with AIDS in Algeria. HIV/AIDS case notifications, in spite of their insufficiency, indicate that the risk of a explosion of the epidemic cannot be excluded because of favorable factors such as local transmission (43.08% of cases), predominance of heterosexual contamination (40.63%) and the growth in the rate of HIV-positive women. Global results of HIV monitoring inquiries, realized in 2000 in the 5 most important cities in the country, show that the infection has propagated to the Tamanrasset wilaya and that some sex workers are infected in Oran (1.70%) and Tamanrasset (2 women out of 20 HIV-positive women were of Algerian origin), underlining the point that sexual work remains a crucial determinant of infection with HIV/AIDS. Within the United Nations System, UNDP action is coordinated with UNAIDS. A common program is currently being negotiated with the Algerian authorities.
Environmental protection and natural disaster prevention constitute challenges for the development of a country. Erosion of biodiversity and a rarefaction of water resources have become more noticeable phenomena. The environment, especially in urban settings, is characterized by insufficient control over housing and pollution problems. Natural disaster risks remain high, and the high population concentration on the coasts and along the shore contribute to increased industrial and natural disaster factors. Algeria has ratified international conventions on the environment and is progressively preparing a legislative framework to meet its commitments.
Effective environmental and natural resources management strategies are being developed. Algeria is implementing necessary mechanisms to manage natural, industrial or technological risks, which it is confronted with. UNDP Algeria contributes to the implementation of international conventions on conservation of biodiversity, climate change, fighting against desertification and Kyoto protocol back up. Moreover, UNDP is active in managing risks and preventing natural disasters. UNDP cooperation projects regarding MDG 7 are presented in detail in areas such as Energy and the Environment as well as Natural Disaster prevention.
MDGs will be achieved only if a worldwide partnership for development is set up, in each country and between countries. UNDP, with other UN system agencies, works to promote MDGs among decision-makers and the population at large. UNDP supports the national NGOs network for the MDGs. Moreover, UNDP developed partnerships with international cooperation actors : the Kingdom of Belgium, Canada, Switzerland and private companies : Anadarko, Gaz de France and Statoil. UNDP monitors the MDGs at the national level and contributed to prepare the first national report on the MDGs, published in 2005 by the Algerian Government.